Information for heads and governors
Schools have a key role to play in improving the educational outcomes of children in care. There is no denying that quality teaching has the greatest impact on outcomes but children in care need more than this. They need understanding, high aspirations, staff that go the extra mile and organisations that work in partnership.
Guidance from the Department of Education:
- Improving the attainment of children in care in primary schools: guidance for schools
- Improving the attainment of children in care in secondary schools: guidance for schools
Who are our children in care?
A child is in care by a local authority if they have been provided with accommodation for a continuous period of more than 24 hours, in the circumstances set out in sections 20 and 21 of the Children Act 1989, or is placed in the care of a local authority by virtue of an order made under part IV of the Act. Further definitions can be found in The Children Act 1989 Guidance and Regulations, but if you have any doubts about the status of a student in your school then contact the Virtual School.
The majority of children in care enter care through no fault of their own. They are likely to have experienced some form of abuse, neglect or trauma prior to entering care.
Most children in care live in foster care provided by the local authority or with a member of their extended family under a legal order. A smaller proportion live in children’s homes, or attend residential schools due to their complex needs.
Children in care tend to have higher levels of Special Educational Needs but often this is due to their Social, Emotional and Mental Health needs and not necessarily due to their cognitive abilities.
It is important to remember that an unaccompanied minor/unaccompanied asylum seeking child (UASC) is entitled to the same support as a child born in this country.
Children in care have been given the highest priority within school admission arrangements. The admission requirements for children in care are set out in the School Admissions Code which applies to maintained schools and academies, including free schools.
Put simply, a child in care must be given a place in the school chosen irrespective of the current numbers on roll or in a class. The local authority that looks after a child can instruct a school in any local authority to admit a child in care. This includes using their powers of direction in a timely way to avoid delay.
Where a local authority considers that an academy will best meet the needs of any child, it can ask the academy to admit that child but has no power to direct it to do so. The local authority and the academy will usually come to an agreement, but if the academy refuses to admit the child, the local authority can ask the Secretary of State to intervene. See the academy admission request form for children in care.
The designated teacher (DT) for children in care
All schools must have a designated teacher, who is ideally a member of the senior leadership team. The designated teacher is responsible for championing the educational needs of children in care in their school and ensuring they have good quality PEPs. They should be the main author and champion of the PEP within the school.
The designated teacher should maintain high expectations of children in care and have the time to understand their needs.
The statutory guidance relating to designated teachers provides an excellent summary of designated teacher good practice, and the Designated Teacher App provides further guidance and support.
The Virtual School offers professional development to designated teachers as well as the opportunity to network and exchange knowledge, understanding and good practice with other DTs. Please see Designated Teacher Training Dates tab for further information.
Headteachers who prioritise the education and welfare of children in care ensure that the governing body is able to fulfil its duty to appoint a sufficiently senior and experienced designated teacher to promote the educational outcomes of children in care. The designated teacher must:
- be a qualified teacher
- be in a position to lead school staff
- undertake appropriate training to fulfil the role
- work closely with the virtual school
Governing bodies that prioritise the education and welfare of children in care identify a governor to take particular interest in the work of the school in relation to children in care, and meet regularly with the designated teacher. The chair of governors supports this ‘designated governor for children in care’ by ensuring they have access to training to fulfil their function and advise the governing body as a whole. Please contact the Virtual School to discuss training for governors.
Headteachers should ensure confidentiality about the personal details of children in care on the school roll while facilitating termly reports from the designated teacher to the governing body and a positive working relationship between the designated teacher and the designated governor for children in care.
Designated teacher training events
The training events provide you with an opportunity to develop links with the Virtual School and with other Designated Teachers as we work together to increase the progress Suffolk’s children in care make in school. Even if you currently have no children in care at your school it is important that you stay up to date with processes and expectations should a child join you.
In addition, Ofsted is looking quite closely at the relationship schools have with the Virtual School and information gained at network meetings has proven very useful to many schools during inspections. Education outcomes for children in care are a priority for Ofsted in the Eastern Region and inspectors have told us that they will be looking closely at how a school prioritises work with children in care when making inspection judgements.
DT Training Events
The Suffolk Virtual School for children in care is pleased to offer Induction Training for new Designated Teachers, as well as an additional twilight network meeting at Harbour PRU for colleagues who were unable to attend the autumn term network meetings. This is open to all DTs, whether from a primary or secondary, mainstream or special school, or from a PRU.
The Induction training at West Suffolk House and Landmark House is a full day course for DTs who are new to the role, but it would also be suitable as a refresher course. Please see details of the dates and venues below:
|Area||Location||Date||Time||CPD Online Code|
Harbour PRU, Saturn Close, Lowestoft, NR32 4TD
West Suffolk House, Western Way, Bury St Edmunds, IP33 3YU
Landmark House, 4 Egerton Road, Ipswich, IP1 5PF
Booking is available using CPD online. Select either the Schools Choice or Multi-Agency link before you log in to the system and use the event code to find the course you wish to attend. Booking is available using CPD online and we urge you to book through that. However, we would rather see you at a meeting, so if booking is an issue please contact the Virtual School Office letting us know which meeting you plan to attend.
DT Training Events - Post 16 Providers
Post 16 Personal Education Plan (PEP) training for Designated Teachers in all colleges, Sixth Form and approved training providers focused on how to access the new online PEP via CLA Tracker and guidance in completing high quality, learning and outcomes focused PEPs. The training has been delivered throughout October and December and is now complete for Autumn Term 2017.
The designated teachers app
A digital guide for designated teachers for children in care.
What is the designated teacher app?
The Suffolk Virtual School new guidance for designated teachers is now available digitally through Pearson Publishing’s ‘nimbl’ platform. It is free to all of Suffolk’s maintained schools, academies and free schools.
Login details are available from the Suffolk Virtual School, email SuffolkVirtualSchool@suffolk.gov.uk. If you are already in contact with a member of the Suffolk Virtual School, you can also ask for your login details directly from your contact.
How to use the app
To use the guidance on a computer and view it online, log in to nimbl using your school’s nimbl institution code, username and password.
Download the app
To use the app with your Android or Apple smartphone or tablet, go to the relevant app store (Google Play or the App Store) and search for ‘nimbl’. Download the free nimbl app and use your school’s login to use it.
MyLibrary is a collection of resources to support learning which runs on the nimbl app. Designated teacher and pupil login information will be provided directly to schools with eligible pupils in KS2, KS3 and KS4 by Pearson Publishing.
If you encounter any problems with access, please contact Pearson Publishing on 01223 350555 or email@example.com. Please do not contact Pearson Publishing for login details as these will only be provided through the Suffolk Virtual School.
Self-evaluation and school inspection
The outcomes of children in care remains a priority for Ofsted in the Eastern Region and the Senior HMI has asked for, and been sent, a copy of the new Suffolk PEP template. The Senior HMI will issue it to inspection teams going in to Suffolk Schools so they know what to expect when they ask to see a sample of PEPs during inspections and/or meet with the designated teacher.
The Suffolk Virtual School has produced a self-evaluation framework to help schools prepare for inspection and for any meeting with an inspector about children in care. Download the Primary phase form (PDF, 214KB) or the Secondary phase form (PDF, 213KB).
The Virtual School is regularly contacted by inspectors during school inspections and asked for an opinion on the school’s work with children in care.
Please send us your completed self-evaluation as it will help us support you before or during inspection to firstname.lastname@example.org. Inspectors will look for evidence of a positive relationship between the school and the Virtual School and sharing your self-evaluation with us is a way to demonstrate this.
Successful classroom strategies for Unaccompanied Asylum Seekers
The Suffolk Virtual School has compiled a list of strategies for supporting pupils who are Unaccompanied Asylum Seeking Children (Word doc, 14KB).
Sexual Behaviours Traffic Light Tool
Brook Young People publish the sexual behaviours traffic light tool to help professionals objectively assess the risk presented by what may appear to be inappropriate sexual behaviour. Please read the traffic light tool guidance (PDF, 104KB) before consulting the tool appropriate for a child's age.
Recognising and responding to need
The Learn the Child set of case studies (PDF, 979KB) aims to support professionals to recognise and respond to the needs of vulnerable children and children in care.